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Age: 22,440.5 ± 4,926.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: West Asia
Mutations: A14793G C16256T
Parent Branch: U5a'b
Descendant branch(s): U5a1 U5a2


Haplogroup U5a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 17,500 and 27,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: U5a
Age: 12,680 ± 6,290 Years Ago
Origin: West Asia
Blurb: This point in your ancestors' journey began in West Asia about 12,000 years ago. Some from this line traveled west to Europe while others moved north and east to South Asia.

Today, this lineage has its highest frequencies in Europe: Slovenia (17 percent), Bulgaria (13 percent), and, Luxembourg (9 percent). It is present in West Asia in Lebanon (9 percent). It is a significant part of Indian maternal lineages, being about 5 percent of those lines. It and a subtype are represented in the Ashkenazi Jewish population.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01U5a14793 16256Released 27 Aug 2008
02U5a14793 16256Released 14 Oct 2008
03U5a14793 16256Released 1 Mar 2009
05U5a14793 16256Released 8 Jul 2009
06U5a14793 16256Released 28 Sep 2009
07U5a14793 16256Released 10 Nov 2009
08U5a14793 16256Released 21 Mar 2010
09U5a14793 16256Released 20 Jun 2010
10U5a14793 16256Released 10 Aug 2010
11U5a14793 16256Released 7 Feb 2011
12U5a14793 16256Released 20 Jul 2011
13U5a14793 16256Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U5aA14793G C16256TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U5aA14793G C16256TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U5aA14793G C16256TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U5aA14793G C16256TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10086562United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 26, 2018 at 12:30 pm

2018-08-26T12:30:44+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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