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Age: 30,248.3 ± 5,330.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: West Asia or Europe
Mutations: C16192T C16270T
Parent Branch: U
Descendant branch(s): U5a'b


Haplogroup U5 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: U5
Age: 20,280 ± 2,980 Years Ago
Origin: West Asia or Europe
Blurb: This point in your ancestors' journey began in West Asia. Many from this line traveled early to Europe, where they settled and established themselves long before the last glacial maximum and the Neolithic farmers who came after. In more recent times, with the climate change of the last glacial maximum period, some from this line moved back to Africa.

Today, this line is most common in Europe. It is about 20 percent of maternal lines in Slovenia, about 20 percent of those in Finland, and about 18 percent of Luxembourg. It is about 12 percent of the population in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Latvia.

Interest Point: This line is represented in the Neolithic Bell Beaker site in Germany.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic


mtDNA Haplogroup U5 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01U53197 9477 13617 16270Released 27 Aug 2008
02U53197 9477 13617 16270Released 14 Oct 2008
03U53197 9477 13617 (16192) 16270Released 1 Mar 2009
04U53197 9477 13617 (16192) 16270Released 10 May 2009
05U53197 9477 13617 (16192) 16270Released 8 Jul 2009
06U53197 9477 13617 (16192) 16270Released 28 Sep 2009
07U53197 9477 13617 (16192) 16270Released 10 Nov 2009
08U53197 9477 13617 (16192) 16270Released 21 Mar 2010
09U53197 9477 13617 16192 16270Released 20 Jun 2010
10U53197 9477 13617 16192 16270Released 10 Aug 2010
11U53197 9477 13617 16192 16270Released 7 Feb 2011
12U53197 9477 13617 16192 16270Released 20 Jul 2011
13U53197 9477 13617 16192 16270Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U5T3197C G9477A T13617C C16192T C16270TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U5T3197C G9477A T13617C C16192T C16270TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U5C16192T C16270TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U5C16192T C16270TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U5 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5020733Fu et al., 2013bnoneU5:315.1C, 5843N, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 26, 2018 at 13:05 pm

2018-08-26T13:05:04+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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