Age: 3,824.0 ± 3,759.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Western Eurasia
Mutations: A9006G A14002G G14040A C16320T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: K1c
Descendant branch(s): K1c2a


Haplogroup K1c2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 100 and 7,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: K1c2
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Europe
Blurb: Today, this lineage is most common in northwestern Europe, where it is between 1 and 2 percent of maternal lineages in Scotland, Denmark, and Ireland. However, it is present across all Europe at low frequencies.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup K1c2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01K1c29006 14002 14040 16320Released 27 Aug 2008
02K1c29006 14002 14040 16320Released 14 Oct 2008
05K1c29006 14002 14040 16320Released 8 Jul 2009
06K1c29006 14002 14040 16320Released 28 Sep 2009
07K1c29006 14002 14040 16320Released 10 Nov 2009
08K1c29006 14002 14040 16320Released 21 Mar 2010
09K1c29006 14002 14040 16320Released 20 Jun 2010
10K1c29006 14002 14040 16320Released 10 Aug 2010
11K1c29006 14002 14040 16320Released 7 Feb 2011
12K1c29006 14002 14040 16320Released 20 Jul 2011
13K1c29006 14002 14040 16320Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14K1c2A9006G A14002G G14040A C16320TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15K1c2A9006G A14002G G14040A C16320TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16K1c2A9006G A14002G G14040A C16320TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17K1c2A9006G A14002G G14040A C16320TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup K1c2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000360Behar et al., 2006noneK1c2:183, 315.1C, 3738
Hap5001203Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:55, 315.1C
Hap5001487Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:315.1C, 8619A
Hap5001913Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:315.1C, 16474C
Hap5001990Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:315.1C, 6267
Hap5002219Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:315.1C, 9058
Hap5002302Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:315.1C, 2378A
Hap5002335Behar et al., 2012bK1c2:16189K1c2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16183C
Hap5002377Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:315.1C, 9545, 9677, 12804
Hap5002402Behar et al., 2012bK1c2:12308K1c2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5002425Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:315.1C, 5442Y
Hap5002453Behar et al., 2012bK1c2:16189K1c2:315.1C, 5099, 5979, 11453, 16183C
Hap5002482Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:315.1C, 14404, 14509
Hap5002517Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:315.1C, 2061, 12990R, 14197
Hap5002558Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:309.1C, 315.1C, 13158, 16214
Hap5003037Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:315.1C, 1888
Hap5004087Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:315.1C, 3397R
Hap5004095Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 12074C
Hap5004262Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:315.1C, 1692, 5301, 8155R, 9058
Hap5004309Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:315.1C, 5099, 5979
Hap5004531Behar et al., 2012bK1c2:16189K1c2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 6176Y, 11383
Hap5004536Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:315.1C, 10646R
Hap5004675Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 15193
Hap5005179Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:143, 315.1C
Hap5005352Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c2:315.1C, 12720

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10064322United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10064323United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10064324United StatesUnited StatesDenmarkDenmark
Hap10064325United StatesUnited StatesDenmarkDenmark
Hap10064326United KingdomUnited KingdomFranceFrance
Hap10064329United KingdomUnited KingdomGermanyGermany
Hap10064334United StatesIrelandIrelandIreland
Hap10064335United StatesIrelandIrelandIreland
Hap10064336United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10064337United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: August 23, 2018 at 6:40 am

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.