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Age: Young
Origin: Europe
Mutations: C10698T
Parent Branch: K1c1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup K1c1f is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity. Its age has not been determined, but we know that it is young based on its parent's age of 3,300 and 7,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

K1c1f samples have appeared in several published research papers. The sample in Raule et al., 2014 comes from Finland while the one in Coble et al., 2004 comes from an American with European origins in the United States. The sample in Behar et al., 2012b does not have demographic information, but the one from direct citizen science publication comes from a Canadian with Slovakian ancestry (Greenspan et al., 2006 – 2016).

From Geno 2 data, there are samples have origins in Finland and Poland as well as ones from people in the United States with European origins.

Together, current information shows that this branch is Northwestern and Eastern European.


mtDNA Haplogroup K1c1f Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14K1c1fC10698TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15K1c1fC10698TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16K1c1fC10698TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17K1c1fC10698TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup K1c1f Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5003173Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1c1f:309.1C, 315.1C, 13934, 14878
Hap5006636Coble et al., 2004noneK1c1f:315.1C, 523-524d, 1393R
Hap5007854Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneK1c1f:315.1C, 6305R, 12636, 13708
Hap5013272Raule et al., 2014K1c1f:195, 498dK1c1f:315.1C, 6614, 15790

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10064296United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10064297United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10064299United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10064300United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: Europeans | Places: Finland, Poland, and Slovakia

Last Updated: Last updated: July 27, 2016 at 11:07 am

2016-07-27T11:07:50+00:00June 6th, 2016|