Age: 4,652.1 ± 3,818.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G94A G3337A G11914A!
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: K1b1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup K1b1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 800 and 8,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup K1b1c Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01K1b1c94 709 3337 4802 11914 14053 16266Released 27 Aug 2008
02K1b1c94 709 3337 4802 11914 14053 16266Released 14 Oct 2008
05K1b1c94 709 3337 4802 11914 14053 16266Released 8 Jul 2009
06K1b1c94 709 3337 4802 11914 14053 16266Released 28 Sep 2009
07K1b1c94 709 3337 4802 11914 14053 16266Released 10 Nov 2009
08K1b1c94 3337 11914Released 21 Mar 2010
09K1b1c94 3337 11914Released 20 Jun 2010
10K1b1c94 3337 11914Released 10 Aug 2010
11K1b1c94 3337 11914Released 7 Feb 2011
12K1b1c94 3337 11914Released 20 Jul 2011
13K1b1c94 3337 11914Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14K1b1cG94A G3337A G11914A!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15K1b1cG94A G3337A G11914A!Released 30 Sep 2012
16K1b1cG94A G3337A G11914A!Released 19 Feb 2014
17K1b1cG94A G3337A G11914A!Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup K1b1c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000373Behar et al., 2006noneK1b1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 709, 4802, 14053, 16266
Hap5002361Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1b1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 2971
Hap5007581Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneK1b1c:309.1CC, 315.1C, 499, 9489
Hap5012529Raule et al., 2014noneK1b1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 6040, 16051
Hap5013414Raule et al., 2014noneK1b1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 6040, 16051
Hap5013953Schönberg et al., 2011noneK1b1c:309N, 310, 4774N, 9801N, 10792N, 13026, 14047N, 16289
Hap5014306Shlush et al., 2008noneK1b1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 13145
Hap5019291Costa et al., 2013noneK1b1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 13145
Hap5020792Costa et al., 2013noneK1b1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5843, 16318
Hap5020793Costa et al., 2013K1b1c:152K1b1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 16070, 16365
Hap5021141Derenko et al., 2013noneK1b1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 650, 5811, 8545
Hap5021163Derenko et al., 2013noneK1b1c:309.1CC, 315.1C, 709, 4802, 14053, 16266

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10063388United StatesItalyItalyItaly
Hap10063389United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10063390United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10063391United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063392United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063393United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063394United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063395United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063396United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063397United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063398United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063399United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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