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Age: 8,122.7 ± 3,193.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C13967T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: K1b1a
Descendant branch(s): K1b1a1a K1b1a1b K1b1a1c K1b1a1d


Haplogroup K1b1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,900 and 11,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup K1b1a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 K1b1a1 16463 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 K1b1a1 16463 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 K1b1a1 16463 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 K1b1a1 16463 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 K1b1a1 16463 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 K1b1a1 16463 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 K1b1a1 16463 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 K1b1a1 16463 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 K1b1a1 16463 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 K1b1a1 16463 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 K1b1a1 13967 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 K1b1a1 C13967T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 K1b1a1 C13967T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 K1b1a1 C13967T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 K1b1a1 C13967T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup K1b1a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002103 Behar et al., 2012b K1b1a1:16463 K1b1a1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5002366 Behar et al., 2012b none K1b1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 2262
Hap5002488 Behar et al., 2012b none K1b1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 573.1XC, 2262
Hap5004758 Behar et al., 2012b none K1b1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 5267, 16093Y
Hap5005044 Behar et al., 2012b none K1b1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 513, 524.1AC, 10389, 16168, 16284
Hap5007610 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none K1b1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 1041, 13602
Hap5009677 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 K1b1a1:146, 195, 247, 11467, 16093, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16224, 16230, 16278, 16319, 16463 K1b1a1:1-576d, 8429, 8805, 16024-16569d
Hap5009685 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 K1b1a1:146, 195, 247, 16093, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16224, 16230, 16278, 16319, 16463 K1b1a1:1-576d, 6710, 9813A, 10084, 12723, 16024-16569d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10063197United StatesUnited KingdomCanadaCanada
Hap10063198United StatesFijiFijiFiji
Hap10063200United KingdomIrelandIrelandIreland
Hap10063203AustraliaAustraliaUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10063204United StatesUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10063205United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063206United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063207United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063208United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063209United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063210United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063211United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063212United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063213United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10063214United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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