Age: 1,691.9 ± 2,371.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Western Eurasia
Mutations: A16524G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: K1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup K1a9 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 4,100 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: K1a9
Age: 1,713 ± 1,211 Years Ago
Origin: To Be Determined
Blurb: This line originated in West Asia or Anatolia in relatively recent times.

Today, it contains a founding lineage of the Ashkenazi Jewish population. However, other subtypes are also present in Germany, Ireland, England, and Turkey at low frequencies.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup K1a9 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01K1a916524Released 27 Aug 2008
02K1a916524Released 14 Oct 2008
05K1a916524Released 8 Jul 2009
06K1a916524Released 28 Sep 2009
07K1a916524Released 10 Nov 2009
08K1a916524Released 21 Mar 2010
09K1a916524Released 20 Jun 2010
10K1a916524Released 10 Aug 2010
11K1a916524Released 7 Feb 2011
12K1a916524Released 20 Jul 2011
13K1a916524Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14K1a9A16524GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15K1a9A16524GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16K1a9A16524GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17K1a9A16524GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup K1a9 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000353Behar et al., 2006noneK1a9:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5000354Behar et al., 2006K1a9:152K1a9:315.1C
Hap5000369Behar et al., 2006noneK1a9:315.1C, 14831, 15758
Hap5000371Behar et al., 2006K1a9:16093K1a9:315.1C
Hap5001424Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1a9:315.1C, 6515
Hap5001458Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1a9:315.1C, 15924R
Hap5001475Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1a9:315.1C, 8723R
Hap5001550Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1a9:315.1C, 3338
Hap5001866Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1a9:315.1C, 2258, 10601Y, 16093Y
Hap5001870Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1a9:315.1C, 11453
Hap5001898Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1a9:315.1C, 11287
Hap5001944Behar et al., 2012bK1a9:152K1a9:315.1C, 14160
Hap5002433Behar et al., 2012bK1a9:152K1a9:315.1C, 573.1XC
Hap5003009Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1a9:315.1C, 16527
Hap5003586Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1a9:315.1C, 2258
Hap5004302Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1a9:315.1C, 7568Y
Hap5004375Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1a9:315.1C, 13629R
Hap5004384Behar et al., 2012bK1a9:16093K1a9:315.1C, 2258
Hap5007556Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneK1a9:315.1C
Hap5008540Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneK1a9:315.1C, 16526
Hap5020799Costa et al., 2013K1a9:152K1a9:315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: August 22, 2018 at 21:50 pm

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