Age: 9,617.5 ± 2,327.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Western Eurasia
Mutations: C11840T T13740C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: K1a4a
Descendant branch(s): K1a4a1a K1a4a1b K1a4a1c K1a4a1d K1a4a1e K1a4a1f K1a4a1g K1a4a1h K1a4a1i


Haplogroup K1a4a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,300 and 11,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: K1a4a1
Age: About 9,000 Years Ago
Origin: To Be Determined
Blurb: Like her maternal ancestors, the first woman to have the genetic markers for this lineage was born to a group traveling through Anatolia toward Europe. The population explosion that took place at the end of the late glacial maximum may have spurred these movements.

This lineage has a stronger presence in Europe than its predecessor did. However, there remains a strong presence in the line’s ancestral homeland. Today, this line is most common in Luxembourg (9 percent), Croatia (4 percent), Denmark (3 percent), Spain (2 to 3 percent), Sweden (2 percent), and the British Isles (2 percent). A subset of this lineage is present in Jewish Diaspora population groups.
Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup K1a4a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01K1a4a111840 13740Released 27 Aug 2008
02K1a4a111840 13740Released 14 Oct 2008
05K1a4a111840 13740Released 8 Jul 2009
06K1a4a111840 13740Released 28 Sep 2009
07K1a4a111840 13740Released 10 Nov 2009
08K1a4a111840 13740Released 21 Mar 2010
09K1a4a111840 13740Released 20 Jun 2010
10K1a4a111840 13740Released 10 Aug 2010
11K1a4a111840 13740Released 7 Feb 2011
12K1a4a111840 13740Released 20 Jul 2011
13K1a4a111840 13740Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14K1a4a1C11840T T13740CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15K1a4a1C11840T T13740CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16K1a4a1C11840T T13740CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17K1a4a1C11840T T13740CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup K1a4a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001193Behar et al., 2012bK1a4a1:16093K1a4a1:153, 315.1C, 3990, 6254, 8521, 10235
Hap5002102Behar et al., 2012bK1a4a1:16093K1a4a1:150, 315.1C, 3796, 10398
Hap5002851Behar et al., 2012bK1a4a1:146K1a4a1:257, 315.1C, 533, 8032, 14809, 15547
Hap5003062Behar et al., 2012bK1a4a1:16093K1a4a1:315.1C, 8994
Hap5003436Behar et al., 2012bK1a4a1:16093K1a4a1:315.1C, 5021, 5474, 7409, 8155, 10143, 12364, 14305
Hap5003450Behar et al., 2012bK1a4a1:16093, 16189K1a4a1:200, 235, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 4076, 4853, 6101
Hap5003467Behar et al., 2012bK1a4a1:16093K1a4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 4777Y
Hap5003678Behar et al., 2012bK1a4a1:146, 16093K1a4a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 548, 15404
Hap5004085Behar et al., 2012bK1a4a1:16093K1a4a1:200, 315.1C, 524.1AC
Hap5004128Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1a4a1:150, 315.1C, 524.1ACAC, 3796, 10398, 15478
Hap5004166Behar et al., 2012bK1a4a1:146, 16093K1a4a1:297, 315.1C, 16222
Hap5004587Behar et al., 2012bK1a4a1:146, 16093K1a4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 1342, 4546R, 16298
Hap5004901Behar et al., 2012bK1a4a1:16093K1a4a1:189, 309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 4931, 9633G
Hap5005019Behar et al., 2012bK1a4a1:16093K1a4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 14470Y
Hap5005143Behar et al., 2012bK1a4a1:16093K1a4a1:315.1C, 15314, 16048, 16162C, 16192A
Hap5005440Bertolin et al., 2011K1a4a1:16093K1a4a1:71N, 306N, 310N, 498N, 1590N, 2707N, 3960N, 6261N, 7334N, 7335N, 8047, 8058N, 8061N, 9300, 9697N, 9909N, 9910N, 11379N, 11466N, 12307N, 12309N
Hap5006653Coble et al., 2004K1a4a1:16093K1a4a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC
Hap5007315Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016K1a4a1:16093K1a4a1:315.1C, 15154A
Hap5007384Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016K1a4a1:16093K1a4a1:315.1C, 2361, 10398, 12684, 16086, 16305
Hap5007670Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016K1a4a1:16093K1a4a1:315.1C, 11419
Hap5008187Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016K1a4a1:16093K1a4a1:315.1C, 2361, 10398, 12684, 16086Y, 16305
Hap5016274Costa et al., 2009K1a4a1:16093, 16129K1a4a1:315.1C, 9099, 16519
Hap5020801Costa et al., 2013K1a4a1:195, 16093K1a4a1:189, 315.1C, 1628, 7948, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10061848United StatesCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10061849United StatesCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10061850United StatesCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10061851United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10061852United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10061853United StatesCubaCubaCuba
Hap10061857United StatesUnited StatesFranceFrance
Hap10061858United StatesGermanyGermanyGermany

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: August 22, 2018 at 21:36 pm

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.