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Age: 14,093.5 ± 2,679.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G6260A
Parent Branch: K1a4
Descendant branch(s): K1a4a1


Haplogroup K1a4a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,400 and 16,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup K1a4a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01K1a4a6260Released 27 Aug 2008
02K1a4a6260Released 14 Oct 2008
05K1a4a6260Released 8 Jul 2009
06K1a4a6260Released 28 Sep 2009
07K1a4a6260Released 10 Nov 2009
08K1a4a6260Released 21 Mar 2010
09K1a4a6260Released 20 Jun 2010
10K1a4a6260Released 10 Aug 2010
11K1a4a6260Released 7 Feb 2011
12K1a4a6260Released 20 Jul 2011
13K1a4a6260Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14K1a4aG6260AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15K1a4aG6260AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16K1a4aG6260AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17K1a4aG6260AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup K1a4a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001879Behar et al., 2012bK1a4a:146, 16093K1a4a:315.1C, 408A, 2388, 4232, 10203, 14079, 16355
Hap5004458Behar et al., 2012bK1a4a:16093K1a4a:150, 315.1C, 6134, 6480, 6605, 16168
Hap5007313Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016K1a4a:195, 16093K1a4a:315.1C, 6134, 6480, 6605, 16168
Hap5019251Costa et al., 2013K1a4a:16093K1a4a:524.1AC, 8937, 10080, 10376, 15930
Hap5019258Costa et al., 2013K1a4a:16093K1a4a:315.1C, 575, 3027, 10080, 10376, 15014
Hap5019278Costa et al., 2013K1a4a:195K1a4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 7375, 7859, 15727
Hap5019279Costa et al., 2013K1a4a:195K1a4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 7375, 7859
Hap5020791Costa et al., 2013K1a4a:16093K1a4a:315.1C, 6134, 6480, 13566, 16168, 16234

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10061812United StatesPeruPeruPeru
Hap10061813United StatesUnited StatesUkraineUkraine
Hap10061814United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10061815United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10061816United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10061817United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10061819United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10061820United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10061821United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10061822United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10061823United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|