Age: 15,940.3 ± 2,342.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Western Eurasia
Mutations: T11485C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: K1a
Descendant branch(s): K1a4a K1a4b K1a4c K1a4d K1a4e K1a4f K1a4g K1a4h K1a4i K1a4j


Haplogroup K1a4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 13,600 and 18,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: K1a4
Age: About 15,000 Years Ago
Origin: To Be Determined
Blurb: Born during the last glacial maximum, this branch is common to Anatolia and Europe. Today, it is part of the populations in in Turkey (3 percent), Armenia (2 to 3 percent), Switzerland (2 percent), Greece (1 to 2 percent), and the Netherlands (1 to 2 percent).

mtDNA Haplogroup K1a4 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01K1a4524.1AC 11485Released 27 Aug 2008
02K1a4524.1AC 11485Released 14 Oct 2008
05K1a411485Released 8 Jul 2009
06K1a411485Released 28 Sep 2009
07K1a411485Released 10 Nov 2009
08K1a411485Released 21 Mar 2010
09K1a411485Released 20 Jun 2010
10K1a411485Released 10 Aug 2010
11K1a411485Released 7 Feb 2011
12K1a411485Released 20 Jul 2011
13K1a411485Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14K1a4T11485CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15K1a4T11485CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16K1a4T11485CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17K1a4T11485CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup K1a4 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001863Behar et al., 2012bK1a4:16093K1a4:315.1C, 524.1AC, 12358, 16051
Hap5002654Behar et al., 2012bK1a4:16093K1a4:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 3290, 6437
Hap5004520Behar et al., 2012bnoneK1a4:315.1C, 524.1ACAC, 7358, 8350C, 11566, 16093Y
Hap5006652Coble et al., 2004K1a4:16093K1a4:315.1C, 524.1ACAC
Hap5006654Coble et al., 2004K1a4:16093K1a4:315.1C, 524.1ACAC
Hap5007206Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016K1a4:16093K1a4:315.1C, 524.1AC, 12358, 16051
Hap5012251Pichler et al., 2008K1a4:152, 16093K1a4:315.1C, 524.1ACAC, 4313, 9064
Hap5014031Schönberg et al., 2011noneK1a4:310, 1926T, 16519
Hap5019267Costa et al., 2013K1a4:195, 16189K1a4:315.1C, 417, 524.1AC, 1926T, 7169, 8790, 11269, 15884
Hap5019268Costa et al., 2013noneK1a4:315.1C, 1926T, 16519
Hap5019269Costa et al., 2013K1a4:146, 195, 16093, 16189K1a4:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 5498, 13185A, 15631, 16186
Hap5019270Costa et al., 2013K1a4:16093K1a4:315.1C, 524.1ACAC, 4092, 4817, 6593
Hap5019283Costa et al., 2013K1a4:16093K1a4:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1ACAC, 3762C, 4688, 5899.1C, 12358, 15562, 15622
Hap5019287Costa et al., 2013K1a4:16093K1a4:309.1C, 315.1C, 9266T, 12499, 16041
Hap5020790Costa et al., 2013K1a4:146, 14167, 16093, 16189K1a4:315.1C, 524.1ACACAC, 12681, 13145, 14470, 14569, 16182C, 16193.1C, 16222, 16390
Hap5020987Derenko et al., 2013K1a4:16093K1a4:315.1C, 524.1AC, 9635, 12486

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10061720United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10061721United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10061722United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10061724United StatesUnited StatesPortugalPortugal
Hap10061730New ZealandNew ZealandUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10061731United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10061732United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10061733United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10061734United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10061735United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10061736United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10061737United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10061738United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10061739United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: August 22, 2018 at 21:31 pm

2 thoughts on “K1a4”

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.