Age: 4,823.6 ± 3,575.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Western Eurasia
Mutations: A10978G T12954C C16234T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: K1a1b1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup K1a1b1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,200 and 8,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: K1a1b1a
Age: 1,835 ± 821 Years Ago
Origin: To Be Determined
Blurb: Though the origin of this lineage is not clear, it is a founding population among some Jewish Diaspora groups. Among Ashkenazi Jews, it is about 19 percent of maternal lineages. Interestingly, it is also present in some Romani populations.
Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup K1a1b1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01K1a1b1a10978 12954Released 27 Aug 2008
02K1a1b1a10978 12954Released 14 Oct 2008
05K1a1b1a(114) 10978 12954 16234Released 8 Jul 2009
06K1a1b1a(114) 10978 12954 16234Released 28 Sep 2009
07K1a1b1a(114) 10978 12954 16234Released 10 Nov 2009
08K1a1b1a(114) 10978 12954 16234Released 21 Mar 2010
09K1a1b1a(114) 10978 12954 16234Released 20 Jun 2010
10K1a1b1a(114) 10978 12954 16234Released 10 Aug 2010
11K1a1b1a(114) 10978 12954 16234Released 7 Feb 2011
12K1a1b1a(114) 10978 12954 16234Released 20 Jul 2011
13K1a1b1a10978 12954 16234Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14K1a1b1aA10978G T12954C C16234TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15K1a1b1aA10978G T12954C C16234TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16K1a1b1aA10978G T12954C C16234TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17K1a1b1aA10978G T12954C C16234TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup K1a1b1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000352Behar et al., 2006K1a1b1a:16093, 16223K1a1b1a:315.1C, 5460
Hap5000358Behar et al., 2006K1a1b1a:16093K1a1b1a:315.1C
Hap5000361Behar et al., 2006K1a1b1a:12954, 16093K1a1b1a:315.1C, 11765A
Hap5000365Behar et al., 2006K1a1b1a:16093, 16223K1a1b1a:315.1C
Hap5000366Behar et al., 2006K1a1b1a:114, 16093K1a1b1a:315.1C, 524.1AC
Hap5000368Behar et al., 2006K1a1b1a:114, 16093, 16223K1a1b1a:315.1C
Hap5000376Behar et al., 2006K1a1b1a:16223K1a1b1a:315.1C
Hap5001513Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:114, 16093, 16223K1a1b1a:315.1C, 524.1AC
Hap5001603Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:16093K1a1b1a:315.1C, 9921
Hap5002029Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:16093, 16223K1a1b1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 15355
Hap5002034Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:16093K1a1b1a:114Y, 315.1C, 3316
Hap5002113Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:16093K1a1b1a:315.1C, 14249
Hap5002138Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:16093K1a1b1a:315.1C, 8023, 14118, 14458M
Hap5002217Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:16093K1a1b1a:315.1C, 5094R
Hap5002303Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:16093, 16223K1a1b1a:315.1C, 11665Y
Hap5002370Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:114, 16093K1a1b1a:315.1C
Hap5002427Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:16093, 16223K1a1b1a:315.1C, 1709
Hap5002523Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:152, 16093K1a1b1a:315.1C
Hap5002666Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:16093K1a1b1a:152Y, 309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5002843Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:16093, 16223K1a1b1a:114Y, 315.1C, 1709
Hap5003020Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:16093K1a1b1a:315.1C, 14843Y
Hap5003213Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:16093, 16223K1a1b1a:315.1C, 513, 9861, 12189
Hap5003574Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:16093, 16223, 16278K1a1b1a:315.1C
Hap5004012Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:16093, 16223K1a1b1a:199Y, 315.1C
Hap5004170Behar et al., 2012bK1a1b1a:16093K1a1b1a:315.1C, 316R

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10060044United KingdomUnited StatesAlbaniaAlbania
Hap10060047United StatesAustriaAustriaAustria
Hap10060048United StatesUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10060049United StatesUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10060050United StatesUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10060051United StatesUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10060052UnspecifiedUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10060054United StatesBelarusBelarusBelarus
Hap10060061United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10060063AustraliaCzech RepublicCzech RepublicCzech Republic
Hap10060064United StatesUnited StatesEstoniaEstonia
Hap10060067South AfricaGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10060068United StatesGermanyGermanyGermany

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 22, 2018 at 20:50 pm

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