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Age: 22,070.0 ± 3,333.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Eurasia, Arabian Peninsula, & Levant
Mutations: T1189C A10398G!
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: K
Descendant branch(s): K1a K1b K1c K1d K1e K1f


Haplogroup K1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 18,700 and 25,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup K1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 K1 1189 10398 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 K1 1189 10398 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 K1 1189 10398 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 K1 1189 10398 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 K1 1189 10398 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 K1 1189 10398 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 K1 1189 10398 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 K1 1189 10398 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 K1 1189 10398 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 K1 1189 10398 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 K1 1189 10398 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 K1 T1189C A10398G! Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 K1 T1189C A10398G! Released 30 Sep 2012
16 K1 T1189C A10398G! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 K1 T1189C A10398G! Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup K1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002210 Behar et al., 2012b K1:16189 K1:194, 246, 315.1C, 4655, 4688, 7235, 7468, 10084, 11929, 13434, 16291, 16362

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10058486United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058487United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058488United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058489United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places: Eurasia and Levantine

Last Updated: Last updated: October 14, 2017 at 22:22 pm

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