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Age: 10,513.9 ± 5,073.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T10084C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U7
Descendant branch(s): U7b1 U7b2


Haplogroup U7b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,400 and 15,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U7b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
13 U7b 10084 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U7b T10084C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U7b T10084C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U7b T10084C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U7b T10084C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U7b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000075 Achilli et al., 2005 none U7b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 961, 965.1XC, 11065, 15671, 16173, 16362
Hap5003458 Behar et al., 2012b none U7b:291.1A, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8212, 9480, 16166d
Hap5004556 Behar et al., 2012b U7b:16309 U7b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8962T, 13928C, 14798, 16248
Hap5007508 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 U7b:16309 U7b:291.1A, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8212, 9480, 16166d, 16309C
Hap5008914 Finnilä et al., 2001 U7b:3741, 8137, 8684, 13500, 14569 U7b:315.1C, 9480, 16166d, 16295
Hap5008915 Finnilä et al., 2001 U7b:3741, 8137, 8684, 13500, 14569 U7b:291.1A, 315.1C, 9480, 16166d
Hap5012539 Raule et al., 2014 U7b:16309 U7b:315.1C, 523-524d, 7337, 8793
Hap5012867 Raule et al., 2014 none U7b:291.1A, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8212, 9480, 13707R, 16166d
Hap5012886 Raule et al., 2014 none U7b:291.1A, 315.1C, 523-524d, 9480, 16166d
Hap5020847 Derenko et al., 2013 U7b:146, 16309 U7b:152, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4113, 5773, 13824
Hap5022103 Maca-Meyer et al., 2001 U7b:8684, 14569, 16309 U7b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 10382, 14798, 15601, 16248

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10094678United KingdomCyprusCyprusCyprus
Hap10094680United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10094681United StatesGreeceGreeceGreece
Hap10094689United StatesItalyItalyItaly
Hap10094690United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10094693Saint Kitts and NevisLebanonLebanonLebanon
Hap10094694South AfricaNetherlandsNetherlandsNetherlands
Hap10094695New ZealandNew ZealandNew ZealandNew Zealand
Hap10094697United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10094698United StatesUnited StatesSpainSpain
Hap10094699United StatesUnited StatesSwedenSweden
Hap10094700United StatesUnited StatesSwedenSweden

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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