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Age: 1,251.4 ± 1,740.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T146C! T16126C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U7a
Descendant branch(s): U7a4a


Haplogroup U7a4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 3,000 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U7a4 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
13 U7a4 146 16126 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U7a4 T146C! T16126C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U7a4 T146C! T16126C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U7a4 T146C! T16126C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U7a4 T146C! T16126C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U7a4 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5013918 Schönberg et al., 2011 none U7a4:310, 523-524d, 15172, 15718, 16150, 16209, 16390
Hap5013929 Schönberg et al., 2011 U7a4:151, 195, 16318T U7a4:310, 523-524d, 6221, 8574, 16148, 16213, 16318C
Hap5013932 Schönberg et al., 2011 U7a4:195 U7a4:143, 310, 523-524d, 6221, 12063, 14047N, 15322, 16148
Hap5013964 Schönberg et al., 2011 U7a4:195 U7a4:143, 523-524d, 6221, 12063, 15322, 16148
Hap5020857 Derenko et al., 2013 U7a4:195, 16318T U7a4:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 6221, 8409, 8574, 16148, 16318C
Hap5020868 Derenko et al., 2013 U7a4:16189, 16318T U7a4:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4313, 7241, 11935, 13565, 16148, 16318C
Hap5020916 Derenko et al., 2013 U7a4:195, 16318T U7a4:315.1C, 523-524d, 6221, 8553, 8574, 16148, 16213, 16318C
Hap5020971 Derenko et al., 2013 U7a4:195 U7a4:315.1C, 523-524d, 6221, 16148
Hap5023641 Zheng et al., 2012 U7a4:195, 16318T U7a4:2442, 6221, 7746, 16148, 16150, 16318C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10094609United StatesIraqIraqIraq
Hap10094612United StatesTurkeyTurkeyTurkey
Hap10094613United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10094614United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10094615United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10094618United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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