Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 1,251.4 ± 1,740.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T146C! T16126C
Parent Branch: U7a
Descendant branch(s): U7a4a


Haplogroup U7a4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 3,000 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U7a4 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

13U7a4146 16126Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U7a4T146C! T16126CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U7a4T146C! T16126CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U7a4T146C! T16126CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U7a4T146C! T16126CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U7a4 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5013918Schönberg et al., 2011noneU7a4:310, 523-524d, 15172, 15718, 16150, 16209, 16390
Hap5013929Schönberg et al., 2011U7a4:151, 195, 16318TU7a4:310, 523-524d, 6221, 8574, 16148, 16213, 16318C
Hap5013932Schönberg et al., 2011U7a4:195U7a4:143, 310, 523-524d, 6221, 12063, 14047N, 15322, 16148
Hap5013964Schönberg et al., 2011U7a4:195U7a4:143, 523-524d, 6221, 12063, 15322, 16148
Hap5020857Derenko et al., 2013U7a4:195, 16318TU7a4:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 6221, 8409, 8574, 16148, 16318C
Hap5020868Derenko et al., 2013U7a4:16189, 16318TU7a4:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4313, 7241, 11935, 13565, 16148, 16318C
Hap5020916Derenko et al., 2013U7a4:195, 16318TU7a4:315.1C, 523-524d, 6221, 8553, 8574, 16148, 16213, 16318C
Hap5020971Derenko et al., 2013U7a4:195U7a4:315.1C, 523-524d, 6221, 16148
Hap5023641Zheng et al., 2012U7a4:195, 16318TU7a4:2442, 6221, 7746, 16148, 16150, 16318C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10094609United StatesIraqIraqIraq
Hap10094612United StatesTurkeyTurkeyTurkey
Hap10094613United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10094614United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10094615United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10094618United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|