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Age: 8,566.5 ± 5,014.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Eurasia, Arabian Peninsula, & Levant
Mutations: 573.XC A9299G A11350G T13111C
Parent Branch: U9b
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup U9b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 3,600 and 13,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U9b1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01U9b195 573.1CCCC 1005 9299 11350 12615 13111 15930 16242Released 27 Aug 2008
02U9b195 573.1CCCC 1005 9299 11350 12615 13111 15930 16242Released 14 Oct 2008
05U9b195 573.1CCC 9299 11350 12615 13111Released 8 Jul 2009
06U9b195 573.1CCC 9299 11350 12615 13111Released 28 Sep 2009
07U9b195 573.1CCC 9299 11350 12615 13111Released 10 Nov 2009
08U9b195 573.1CCC 9299 11350 12615 13111Released 21 Mar 2010
09U9b1573.1CCC 9299 11350 13111Released 20 Jun 2010
10U9b1573.1CCC 9299 11350 13111Released 10 Aug 2010
11U9b1573.1CCC 9299 11350 13111Released 7 Feb 2011
12U9b1573.1CCC 9299 11350 13111Released 20 Jul 2011
13U9b1573.1CCC 9299 11350 13111Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U9b1573.XC A9299G A11350G T13111CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U9b1573.XC A9299G A11350G T13111CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U9b1573.XC A9299G A11350G T13111CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U9b1573.XC A9299G A11350G T13111CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U9b1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000074Achilli et al., 2005noneU9b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 1005, 15930, 16242, 16519
Hap5009354Hartmann et al., 2008noneU9b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 15951, 16263, 16355, 16519
Hap5010864Kivisild et al., 2006U9b1:146, 152, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311U9b1:1-435d, 15951, 16022-16569d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: October 14, 2017 at 19:02 pm

2017-10-14T19:02:54+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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