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Age: 23,875.3 ± 6,483.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Eurasia, Arabian Peninsula, & Levant
Mutations: G3531A G3834A C6386T T14094C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U4'9
Descendant branch(s): U9a U9b


Haplogroup U9 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 17,400 and 30,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U9 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01U93531 3834 6386 14094Released 27 Aug 2008
02U93531 3834 6386 14094Released 14 Oct 2008
03U93531 3834 6386 14094Released 1 Mar 2009
05U93531 3834 6386 14094Released 8 Jul 2009
06U93531 3834 6386 14094Released 28 Sep 2009
07U93531 3834 6386 14094Released 10 Nov 2009
08U93531 3834 6386 14094Released 21 Mar 2010
09U93531 3834 6386 14094Released 20 Jun 2010
10U93531 3834 6386 14094Released 10 Aug 2010
11U93531 3834 6386 14094Released 7 Feb 2011
12U93531 3834 6386 14094Released 20 Jul 2011
13U93531 3834 6386 14094Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U9G3531A G3834A C6386T T14094CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U9G3531A G3834A C6386T T14094CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U9G3531A G3834A C6386T T14094CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U9G3531A G3834A C6386T T14094CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U9 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10095128United KingdomItalyItalyItaly

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 26, 2018 at 17:36 pm

2018-08-26T17:36:17+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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