Age: 14,921.0 ± 3,627.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T629C 2405.1C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U4
Descendant branch(s): U4d1 U4d2 U4d3


Haplogroup U4d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,300 and 18,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U4d Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01U4d629 2405Released 27 Aug 2008
02U4d629 2405Released 14 Oct 2008
05U4d629Released 8 Jul 2009
06U4d629Released 28 Sep 2009
07U4d629 2405.1CReleased 10 Nov 2009
08U4d629 2405.1CReleased 21 Mar 2010
09U4d629 2405.1CReleased 20 Jun 2010
10U4d629 2405.1CReleased 10 Aug 2010
11U4d629 2405.1CReleased 7 Feb 2011
12U4d629 2405.1CReleased 20 Jul 2011
13U4d629 2405.1CReleased 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U4dT629C 2405.1CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U4dT629C 2405.1CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U4dT629C 2405.1CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U4dT629C 2405.1CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U4d Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10086473United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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