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Age: 1,345.7 ± 2,129.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G7853A C11965T T12957C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U4b1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup U4b1a4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 3,500 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U4b1a4 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

10U4b1a47853 11965 12957Released 10 Aug 2010
11U4b1a47853 11965 12957Released 7 Feb 2011
12U4b1a47853 11965 12957Released 20 Jul 2011
13U4b1a47853 11965 12957Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U4b1a4G7853A C11965T T12957CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U4b1a4G7853A C11965T T12957CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U4b1a4G7853A C11965T T12957CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U4b1a4G7853A C11965T T12957CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U4b1a4 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5016170Sukernik et al., 2012noneU4b1a4:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5016171Sukernik et al., 2012U4b1a4:16189none
Hap5016173Sukernik et al., 2012noneU4b1a4:16287
Hap5020969Derenko et al., 2013noneU4b1a4:315.1C, 11959R, 16293

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10085804United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10085807United StatesUnited StatesSwitzerlandSwitzerland

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|