Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 3,159.5 ± 1,967.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C11143T G11176A T12609C G13708A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U4b1a
Descendant branch(s): U4b1a2a U4b1a2b


Haplogroup U4b1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,200 and 5,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U4b1a2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05U4b1a211143 11176 12609 13708Released 8 Jul 2009
06U4b1a211143 11176 12609 13708Released 28 Sep 2009
07U4b1a211143 11176 12609 13708Released 10 Nov 2009
08U4b1a211143 11176 12609 13708Released 21 Mar 2010
09U4b1a211143 11176 12609 13708Released 20 Jun 2010
10U4b1a211143 11176 12609 13708Released 10 Aug 2010
11U4b1a211143 11176 12609 13708Released 7 Feb 2011
12U4b1a211143 11176 12609 13708Released 20 Jul 2011
13U4b1a211143 11176 12609 13708Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U4b1a2C11143T G11176A T12609C G13708AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U4b1a2C11143T G11176A T12609C G13708AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U4b1a2C11143T G11176A T12609C G13708AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U4b1a2C11143T G11176A T12609C G13708AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U4b1a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001804Behar et al., 2012bnoneU4b1a2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5007665Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU4b1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC
Hap5009843Herrnstadt et al., 2002U4b1a2:146, 152, 247, 499, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311, 16356U4b1a2:1-576d, 16024-16569d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10085624United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10085625United StatesBrazilUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085626United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085627United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085628United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085629United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085630United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085631United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085633United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085634United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085635United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085636United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085637United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|