Age: 14,949.4 ± 3,348.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: C8818T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U4
Descendant branch(s): U4a1 U4a2 U4a3

YFull Info

Name: U4a

Age: 20300 to 14600 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: -

Variants: C8818T

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup U4a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,600 and 18,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U4a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 U4a 524.1AC 8818 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 U4a 524.1AC 8818 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 U4a 8818 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U4a 8818 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U4a 8818 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U4a 8818 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U4a 8818 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U4a 8818 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U4a 8818 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U4a 8818 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U4a 8818 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U4a C8818T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U4a C8818T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U4a C8818T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U4a C8818T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U4a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5016371 Russia Sukernik et al., 2012 U4a U4a2* none U4a:315.1C, 5945, 16294
Hap5016373 Russia Sukernik et al., 2012 U4a U4a* none U4a:4688, 5705, 16113C, 16362
Hap5023554 Zheng et al., 2012 U4a none U4a:310d, 14687
Hap5023555 Zheng et al., 2012 U4a U4a:152 U4a:195, 4917, 9145, 13708, 14180, 15718, 16051, 16147

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10084422 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10084423 Austria Austria Austria Austria
Hap10084424 United States United States Austria Austria
Hap10084425 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10084426 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10084427 United States United States Canada Canada
Hap10084428 Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro Croatia Croatia
Hap10084429 United States Denmark Denmark Denmark
Hap10084430 United States United States Finland Finland
Hap10084431 United States France France France
Hap10084432 United States United States France France
Hap10084433 Canada Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084434 Canada Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084435 Denmark Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084436 Germany Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084437 Germany Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084438 Germany Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084439 Spain Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084440 United States Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084441 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10084442 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10084443 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10084444 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10084445 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10084446 Australia Greece Greece Greece

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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