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Age: Undetermined
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G8950A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U3b2a
Descendant branch(s): U3b2a1a


Haplogroup U3b2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup U3b2a1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

16U3b2a1G8950AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U3b2a1G8950AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U3b2a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5007826Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU3b2a1:315.1C, 334, 523-524d, 10003, 16519
Hap5012221Pichler et al., 2008U3b2a1:152, 16311U3b2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 7849, 16233, 16256, 16519
Hap5012232Pichler et al., 2008U3b2a1:16311U3b2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 7849, 16233, 16256, 16519
Hap5012240Pichler et al., 2008U3b2a1:16311U3b2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 7849, 16233, 16256, 16519
Hap5012750Raule et al., 2014noneU3b2a1:310, 334, 523-524d, 16093, 16203, 16519
Hap5012838Raule et al., 2014U3b2a1:195, 11914, 16278, 16343U3b2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 11068, 16519
Hap5013553Raule et al., 2014U3b2a1:195, 11914, 16278, 16343U3b2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1503, 11068, 16519
Hap5016133Kujanová et al., 2009noneU3b2a1:315.1C, 1187, 6941, 12172, 15247, 16320, 16519
Hap5021014Derenko et al., 2013noneU3b2a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 5460, 14693, 16390, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10084343GermanyCzech RepublicCzech RepublicCzech Republic
Hap10084344United StatesItalyItalyItaly
Hap10084345United StatesItalyItalyItaly
Hap10084347United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10084348United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10084349United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10084350United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10084351United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10084352United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10084353United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10084354United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|