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Age: 18,959.9 ± 3,906.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A4188G C4640a T9656C T13743C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U3
Descendant branch(s): U3b1 U3b2 U3b3


Haplogroup U3b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 15,100 and 22,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U3b Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01U3b4188 4640A 9656 13743Released 27 Aug 2008
02U3b4188 4640A 9656 13743Released 14 Oct 2008
03U3b4188 4640A 9656 13743Released 1 Mar 2009
05U3b4188 4640A 9656 13743Released 8 Jul 2009
06U3b4188 4640A 9656 13743Released 28 Sep 2009
07U3b4188 4640A 9656 13743Released 10 Nov 2009
08U3b4188 4640A 9656 13743Released 21 Mar 2010
09U3b4188 4640A 9656 13743Released 20 Jun 2010
10U3b4188 4640A 9656 13743Released 10 Aug 2010
11U3b4188 4640A 9656 13743Released 7 Feb 2011
12U3b4188 4640A 9656 13743Released 20 Jul 2011
13U3b4188 4640A 9656 13743Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U3bA4188G C4640a T9656C T13743CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U3bA4188G C4640a T9656C T13743CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U3bA4188G C4640a T9656C T13743CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U3bA4188G C4640a T9656C T13743CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U3b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5008274Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016U3b:195U3b:315.1C, 12972, 16519
Hap5008408Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016U3b:195U3b:309.1C, 315.1C, 3547, 12972, 16519
Hap5012082Palanichamy et al., 2004noneU3b:315.1C, 523-524d, 3397, 10187, 14527, 15812, 16093, 16266G, 16346, 16368, 16519
Hap5013960Schönberg et al., 2011U3b:16311U3b:310, 7142, 13260, 15862

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10084176United StatesUnited StatesHungaryHungary
Hap10084177United StatesItalyItalyItaly
Hap10084178United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10084179United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10084181United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10084182United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10084183United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|