U3a1

Summary

Age: 8,912.4 ± 3,840.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: G3010A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U3a
Descendant branch(s): U3a1a U3a1b U3a1c

YFull Info

Name: U3a1

Age: 16900 to 12600 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: 13700 to 10000 ybp [95% CI]

Variants: G3010A

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Background

Haplogroup U3a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,100 and 12,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U3a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
05 U3a1 3010 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U3a1 3010 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U3a1 3010 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U3a1 3010 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U3a1 3010 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U3a1 3010 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U3a1 3010 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U3a1 3010 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U3a1 3010 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U3a1 G3010A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U3a1 G3010A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U3a1 G3010A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U3a1 G3010A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U3a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5004372 Behar et al., 2012b U3a1 U3a1* none U3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 7265, 8572, 16214, 16527
Hap5004745 Behar et al., 2012b U3a1 U3a1* U3a1:1018 U3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 3531, 11461
Hap5007195 - Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 U3a1 - U3a1:16189 U3a1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5007857 - Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 U3a1 - U3a1:16343 U3a1:315.1C
Hap5009586 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 U3a1 U3a1c2 U3a1:146, 150, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311, 16343, 16390 U3a1:1-576d, 10724, 15734, 16024-16569d
Hap5010935 Kivisild et al., 2006 U3a1 U3a1 U3a1:146, 150, 152, 195, 247, 2294, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311, 16343, 16390 U3a1:1-435d, 499, 523-524d, 15190, 16022-16569d
Hap5011066 Kloss-Brandstätter et al., 2010 U3a1 U3a1* U3a1:152, 16311 U3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 7775, 16260, 16265T
Hap5012549 Denmark Raule et al., 2014 U3a1 U3a1* none U3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 745, 7471d, 15346, 16172
Hap5013634 Denmark Raule et al., 2014 U3a1 U3a1* none U3a1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5013720 Denmark Raule et al., 2014 U3a1 U3a1* none U3a1:315.1C, 524.1AC, 8572, 16214, 16527
Hap5023552 Zheng et al., 2012 U3a1 none U3a1:6260, 8292
Hap5023553 Zheng et al., 2012 U3a1 U3a1:16189 U3a1:499, 6228, 15190

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10083682 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10083683 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10083684 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10083685 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10083686 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10083687 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10083688 Sweden Canada Canada Canada
Hap10083689 United States Canada Canada Canada
Hap10083690 Argentina Croatia Croatia Croatia
Hap10083691 France France France France
Hap10083692 Germany Germany Germany Germany
Hap10083693 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10083694 Turkey Turkey Greece Greece
Hap10083695 United States United States Ireland Ireland
Hap10083696 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10083697 South Africa South Africa Lithuania Lithuania
Hap10083698 United States United States Lithuania Lithuania
Hap10083699 United States United States Lithuania Lithuania
Hap10083700 Morocco Morocco Morocco Morocco
Hap10083701 Norway Norway Norway Norway
Hap10083702 Norway Norway Norway Norway
Hap10083703 United States United States Norway Norway
Hap10083704 Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
Hap10083705 United States United States Russia Russia
Hap10083706 Unspecified United States Russia Russia

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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