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Age: 12,724.1 ± 3,722.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Eurasia
Mutations: T8473C (T16092C)
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U2e1'2'3
Descendant branch(s): U2e2a


Haplogroup U2e2 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity. It is about 13 thousand years old (Behar et al., 2012b).

In scientific publications, it is found in Iran (Derenko et al., 2013) and India (Khan et al., 2014).

Geno 2.0 results link it to populations in France and modern European Canadians.

mtDNA Haplogroup U2e2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

09U2e2a4553 8473 12557 (16525)Released 20 Jun 2010
10U2e2a4553 8473 12557 (16525)Released 10 Aug 2010
11U2e2a4553 8473 12557 (16525)Released 7 Feb 2011
12U2e2a4553 8473 12557 (16525)Released 20 Jul 2011
13U2e2a4553 8473 12557 (16525)Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U2e2T8473C C12557T (T16092C)Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U2e2T8473C C12557T (T16092C)Released 30 Sep 2012
16U2e2T8473C C12557T (T16092C)Released 19 Feb 2014
17U2e2T8473C (T16092C)Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U2e2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005258Behar et al., 2012bnoneU2e2:309.1C, 315.1C, 324, 6899, 9695, 15670, 16129C, 16183C, 16304, 16527
Hap5019563Khan et al., 2014noneU2e2:315.1C, 3690, 11778, 13701, 16129C, 16519
Hap5021136Derenko et al., 2013U2e2:12557U2e2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 5979, 6995, 9055, 14007, 16129C, 16182C, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10083216United StatesUnited StatesFranceFrance
Hap10083217GermanyUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10083218United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10083219United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10083220United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10083221United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10083222United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10083223United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10083224United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10083225United States TerritoriesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10083226United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10083227United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10083228United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places: France, India, and Iran

Last Updated: Last updated: March 15, 2017 at 3:25 am

2017-03-15T03:25:33+00:00June 6th, 2016|