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Age: 3,722.8 ± 2,746.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A108G
Parent Branch: U2e1a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup U2e1a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,000 and 6,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: U2e1a1b
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: To Be Determined
Blurb: This rare branch is today present at low frequencies of less than 1 percent in Germany and the Netherlands.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup U2e1a1b Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14U2e1a1bA108GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U2e1a1bA108GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U2e1a1bA108GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U2e1a1bA108GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U2e1a1b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.


Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002561Behar et al., 2012bnoneU2e1a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 11864G, 12351, 16129C, 16183C
Hap5004357Behar et al., 2012bnoneU2e1a1b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 1187, 16129C, 16183C
Hap5005219Behar et al., 2012bnoneU2e1a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 16129C, 16183C, 16294G
Hap5007868Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU2e1a1b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 1187, 16129C, 16183C
Hap5013617Raule et al., 2014noneU2e1a1b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 15773, 16129C, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 26, 2018 at 21:04 pm

2018-08-26T21:04:45+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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