Age: 4,293.6 ± 2,973.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T3197C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U2e1a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup U2e1a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,300 and 7,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: U2e1a1a
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: To Be Determined
Blurb: Though the exact origin of this lineage is not yet clear, almost all members of it today trace their maternal line to Finland.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup U2e1a1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05U2e1a13197 13928Released 8 Jul 2009
06U2e1a13197 13928Released 28 Sep 2009
07U2e1a13197 13928Released 10 Nov 2009
08U2e1a13197 13928Released 21 Mar 2010
09U2e1a1a3197 13928Released 20 Jun 2010
10U2e1a1a3197 13928Released 10 Aug 2010
11U2e1a1a3197 13928Released 7 Feb 2011
12U2e1a1a3197 13928Released 20 Jul 2011
13U2e1a1a3197 13928Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U2e1a1aT3197CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U2e1a1aT3197CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U2e1a1aT3197CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U2e1a1aT3197CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U2e1a1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000151Annunen-Rasila et al., 2006U2e1a1a:146, 195, 217, 247, 340, 508, 1811, 3720, 16051, 16187, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311, 16362U2e1a1a:1-576d, 4113, 8857, 16024-16569d
Hap5004475Behar et al., 2012bU2e1a1a:217U2e1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 12172, 13928, 16129C, 16183C
Hap5005294Behar et al., 2012bnoneU2e1a1a:315.1C, 524.1AC, 4113, 16129C, 16183C
Hap5007435Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016U2e1a1a:217U2e1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 12172, 13928, 16129C, 16183C
Hap5008912Finnilä et al., 2001noneU2e1a1a:315.1C, 524.1AC, 3644G, 12238, 13928, 16129C, 16183C
Hap5008913Finnilä et al., 2001U2e1a1a:217, 340U2e1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 12172, 13928, 16129C, 16183C
Hap5014354Soini et al., 2012U2e1a1a:340, 508, 3720, 11197, 16362U2e1a1a:315.1C, 4113, 11299, 16129C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10082884United StatesUnited StatesSwedenSweden
Hap10082885United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082886United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082887United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082888United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082889United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082890New ZealandNew ZealandUnspecifiedNew Zealand
Hap10082892IrelandUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10082893United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10082894United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 26, 2018 at 21:01 pm

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