Age: 14,898.3 ± 2,790.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C340T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U2e1’2’3
Descendant branch(s): U2e1a U2e1b U2e1c U2e1d U2e1e U2e1f U2e1g U2e1h


Haplogroup U2e1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 12,100 and 17,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U2e1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01U2e1217 340 16519Released 27 Aug 2008
02U2e1217 340 16519Released 14 Oct 2008
05U2e1217 340Released 8 Jul 2009
06U2e1217 340Released 28 Sep 2009
07U2e1217 340Released 10 Nov 2009
08U2e1217 340Released 21 Mar 2010
09U2e1340 16092!Released 20 Jun 2010
10U2e1340 16092!Released 10 Aug 2010
11U2e1340 16092!Released 7 Feb 2011
12U2e1340 16092!Released 20 Jul 2011
13U2e1340 16092!Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U2e1C340TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U2e1C340TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U2e1C340TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U2e1C340TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U2e1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001245Behar et al., 2012bnoneU2e1:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 5918, 8835, 9133, 11465, 14544, 16129C, 16391
Hap5001843Behar et al., 2012bnoneU2e1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 10343, 11293R, 16129C, 16183C
Hap5002012Behar et al., 2012bnoneU2e1:200, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 9078, 15257, 16111, 16129C, 16183C
Hap5002714Behar et al., 2012bnoneU2e1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 9078, 15257, 16129C, 16183C
Hap5003352Behar et al., 2012bnoneU2e1:315.1C, 524.1AC, 3438, 9196, 11447, 12612, 16129C, 16183C
Hap5003400Behar et al., 2012bnoneU2e1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1ACAC, 10343, 16129C, 16183C
Hap5016168Sukernik et al., 2012noneU2e1:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 2626, 5814, 13419T, 14587, 16129C, 16214, 16258

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 30, 2016 at 5:52 am

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