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Age: 17,873.5 ± 3,392.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T217C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U2e
Descendant branch(s): U2e1 U2e2 U2e3


Haplogroup U2e1’2’3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 14,500 and 21,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U2e1’2’3 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
09 U2e1’2 217 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U2e1’2 217 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U2e1’2 217 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U2e1’2 217 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U2e1’2 217 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U2e1’2’3 T217C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U2e1’2’3 T217C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U2e1’2’3 T217C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U2e1’2’3 T217C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U2e1’2’3 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5023549 Zheng et al., 2012 none U2e1'2'3:3865, 4491, 11016, 15454, 16129C, 16179, 16182C, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10082493United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10082494South AfricaSouth AfricaSouth AfricaSouth Africa
Hap10082495United StatesUnited StatesSwedenSweden
Hap10082497United StatesUnited StatesUkraineUkraine
Hap10082498PanamaUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082499United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082500United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082501United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082502United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082503United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082504United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082505United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082506United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082507United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082508United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082509United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10082510United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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