U2b2

Summary

Age: 5,382.2 ± 3,421.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: T152C! A234G G1888A C9094T A9614G T12793C T13656C G15930A T16209C C16239T T16352C C16353T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U2b
Descendant branch(s):

YFull Info

Name: U2b2
Age: 28100 to 20500 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: -
 Variants: T152C! A234G G1888A C9094T A9614G T12793C T13656C G15930A T16209C C16239T T16352C C16353T

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup U2b2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,000 and 8,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup U2b2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
05 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U2b2 T152C! A234G G1888A C9094T A9614G T12793C T13656C G15930A T16209C C16239T T16352C C16353T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U2b2 T152C! A234G G1888A C9094T A9614G T12793C T13656C G15930A T16209C C16239T T16352C C16353T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U2b2 T152C! A234G G1888A C9094T A9614G T12793C T13656C G15930A T16209C C16239T T16352C C16353T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U2b2 T152C! A234G G1888A C9094T A9614G T12793C T13656C G15930A T16209C C16239T T16352C C16353T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U2b2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDOriginPublicationHg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFullMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000064 Pakistan Achilli et al., 2005 U2b2 U2b2c none U2b2:315.1C, 906, 7789, 16244, 16519
Hap5009272 Govindaraj et al., 2011 U2b2 U2b2* U2b2:1888 U2b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3106N, 8860, 11092, 11719, 13135R, 16519
Hap5009277 Govindaraj et al., 2011 U2b2 U2b2* U2b2:1811, 1888 U2b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 1438, 1811T, 3106N, 3720, 3849, 6185, 7028, 11092, 14766, 16519
Hap5012084 Palanichamy et al., 2004 U2b2 U2b2* none U2b2:315.1C, 10124, 16188, 16519
Hap5012086 Palanichamy et al., 2004 U2b2 U2b2* none U2b2:315.1C, 4113, 9830, 16519
Hap5017840 Sri Lanka Illeperuma et al., 2011 U2b2 U2b2* U2b2:16129 U2b2:150, 533, 11151, 12633, 13020, 16519

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

   

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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