Age: 22,693.8 ± 8,274.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A16206c
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: U2
Descendant branch(s): U2a1 U2a2


Haplogroup U2a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup U2a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01U2a16206CReleased 27 Aug 2008
02U2a16206CReleased 14 Oct 2008
03U2a16206C (16230) (16311)Released 1 Mar 2009
05U2a16206C (16230) (16311)Released 8 Jul 2009
06U2a16206C (16230) (16311)Released 28 Sep 2009
07U2a16206C (16230) (16311)Released 10 Nov 2009
08U2a16206C (16230) (16311)Released 21 Mar 2010
09U2a16206C (16230) (16311)Released 20 Jun 2010
10U2a16206C (16230) (16311)Released 10 Aug 2010
11U2a16206C (16230) (16311)Released 7 Feb 2011
12U2a16206C (16230) (16311)Released 20 Jul 2011
13U2a16206C (16230) (16311)Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U2aA16206c A16230G! T16311C!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U2a(T195C!) A16206c A16230G! T16311C!Released 30 Sep 2012
16U2aA16206cReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U2aA16206cReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U2a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10082319United KingdomIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10082320Saint LuciaSaint LuciaUnspecifiedSaint Lucia
Hap10082322Saudi ArabiaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedSaudi Arabia

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.