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Age: Undetermined
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G15043A C16179T A16240c
Parent Branch: U2c1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup U2c1a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup U2c1a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

16U2c1aG15043A C16179T A16240cReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U2c1aG15043A C16179T A16240cReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U2c1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5012064Palanichamy et al., 2004U2c1a:16234U2c1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 6218, 10143, 14155
Hap5017285Sharma V et al., 2012U2c1a:16311U2c1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3645, 8251, 9150, 13524, 16117, 16355

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10082445United StatesIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10082446Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and TobagoTrinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobago

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|