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Age: 12,460.4 ± 5,939.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C16242T T16362C
Parent Branch: U1a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup U1a1d is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup U1a1d Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

09U1a416242 16362Released 20 Jun 2010
10U1a416242 16362Released 10 Aug 2010
11U1a416242 16362Released 7 Feb 2011
12U1a416242 16362Released 20 Jul 2011
13U1a416242 16362Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U1a4C16242T T16362CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U1a4C16242T T16362CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U1a1dC16242T T16362CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U1a1dC16242T T16362CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup U1a1d Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000193Argus Biosciences & Whyte 2007-2009noneU1a1d:309.1CC, 315.1C, 8566, 10861, 11470, 15043, 16182C, 16183C, 16193.1C, 16519
Hap5003288Behar et al., 2012bnoneU1a1d:309.1CC, 315.1C, 8566, 10861, 11470, 15043, 15671C, 16182C, 16183C, 16519
Hap5006741D'Aurelio et al., 2010U1a1d:285, 7581, 12308, 12372, 12879U1a1d:309.1C, 315.1C, 4769, 6081, 7028, 8860, 8993G, 11653, 11928, 14766, 16182C, 16183C, 16294, 16519
Hap5007707Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU1a1d:309.1C, 315.1C, 8848, 12375, 13695, 16092, 16182C, 16183C, 16294, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10082215United StatesTurkeyUnspecifiedTurkey

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|