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Age: Undetermined
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A12172G G16145A T16243C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: R9b1a2
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup R9b1a2a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup R9b1a2a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
15 R9b1a2a A12172G G16145A T16243C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 R9b1a2a A12172G G16145A T16243C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 R9b1a2a A12172G G16145A T16243C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup R9b1a2a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5009961 Hill et al., 2006 none R9b1a2a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1462, 11077
Hap5010252 Jiang et al., 2014 none R9b1a2a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5460, 9316, 13194
Hap5016165 Sukernik et al., 2012 none R9b1a2a:5460, 8291, 10410, 11608, 16527
Hap5022135 Kong et al., 2003 R9b1a2a:16309 R9b1a2a:315.1C, 523-524d, 4884C, 10192, 11077

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10072975United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072976United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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