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Age: Undetermined
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A281G T11776C A12612G G14016A T15908C
Parent Branch: F4a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup F4a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup F4a2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

13F4a2281 4703 11776 12612 14016 15908Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14F4a2A281G T4703C T11776C A12612G G14016A T15908CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15F4a2A281G T11776C A12612G G14016A T15908CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16F4a2A281G T11776C A12612G G14016A T15908CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17F4a2A281G T11776C A12612G G14016A T15908CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup F4a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5018186Liu et al., 2012noneF4a2:152, 185C, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 3010, 4194, 13359, 16519
Hap5018279Liu et al., 2012noneF4a2:152, 185C, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3010, 4194, 13359, 16519
Hap5022608Young et al., 2006F4a2:249d, 5263, 11914, 13928CF4a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 1555, 4703, 11512, 12007, 14766, 15440, 16179, 16192, 16519
Hap5022609Zheng et al., 2011noneF4a2:523-524d, 4703, 5231, 8839, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10047300United StatesChinaChinaChina
Hap10047301United StatesChinaChinaChina

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|