Age: 2,343.8 ± 3,008.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: C12153T T13602C T16362C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: F4a
Descendant branch(s): F4a1a F4a1b

YFull Info

Name: F4a1

Age: 24000 to 14000 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: 20300 to 9100 ybp [95% CI]

Variants: C12153T T13602C T16362C

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup F4a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,400 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup F4a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
13 F4a1 12153 13602 16362 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 F4a1 C12153T T13602C T16362C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 F4a1 C12153T T13602C T16362C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 F4a1 C12153T T13602C T16362C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 F4a1 C12153T T13602C T16362C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup F4a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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