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Age: 9,939.1 ± 6,812.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A16203G
Parent Branch: F2
Descendant branch(s): F2a1


Haplogroup F2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 3,100 and 16,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup F2a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01F2a16291Released 27 Aug 2008
01F2a316203Released 27 Aug 2008
02F2a16291Released 14 Oct 2008
02F2a316203Released 14 Oct 2008
05F2a16203Released 8 Jul 2009
06F2a16203Released 28 Sep 2009
07F2a16203Released 10 Nov 2009
08F2a16203Released 21 Mar 2010
09F2a16203Released 20 Jun 2010
10F2a16203Released 10 Aug 2010
11F2a16203Released 7 Feb 2011
12F2a16203Released 20 Jul 2011
13F2a16203Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14F2aA16203GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15F2aA16203GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16F2aA16203GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17F2aA16203GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup F2a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005463Bilal et al., 2008noneF2a:309.1C, 315.1C, 14037
Hap5005499Bilal et al., 2008noneF2a:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5010282Jiang et al., 2014F2a:16223F2a:309.1C, 315.1C, 8479, 9324, 9455, 12477, 14049, 16126, 16259
Hap5011430Ko et al., 2014F2a:249dF2a:385, 3852, 16519
Hap5011892Mikami et al., 2013noneF2a:186, 315.1C, 10927
Hap5011985Mikami et al., 2013noneF2a:260, 309.1C, 315.1C, 15670
Hap5014764Tanaka et al., 2004noneF2a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 6216
Hap5015015Tanaka et al., 2004noneF2a:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5016236Ji Y et al., 2008noneF2a:246, 296, 309.1C, 315.1C, 11778, 12372, 16093
Hap5022596Zheng et al., 2011F2a:152, 16311F2a:310N, 3547, 9128, 11485, 14687, 15884, 16335, 16352

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|