Age: 7,655.8 ± 3,043.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A8149G C16108T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: F1a1
Descendant branch(s): F1a1a1


Haplogroup F1a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 4,600 and 10,700 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup F1a1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01F1a1a8149 16108Released 27 Aug 2008
02F1a1a8149 16108Released 14 Oct 2008
05F1a1a8149 16108Released 8 Jul 2009
06F1a1a8149 16108Released 28 Sep 2009
07F1a1a8149 16108Released 10 Nov 2009
08F1a1a8149 16108Released 21 Mar 2010
09F1a1a8149 16108Released 20 Jun 2010
10F1a1a8149 16108Released 10 Aug 2010
11F1a1a8149 16108Released 7 Feb 2011
12F1a1a8149 16108Released 20 Jul 2011
13F1a1a8149 16108Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14F1a1aA8149G C16108TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15F1a1aA8149G C16108TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16F1a1aA8149G C16108TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17F1a1aA8149G C16108TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup F1a1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010207Jiang et al., 2014F1a1a:16189F1a1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 6378, 9214, 10184, 10685, 11422, 14180, 15244, 15658, 16256
Hap5010243Jiang et al., 2014noneF1a1a:183, 186, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 2140, 16372A
Hap5010248Jiang et al., 2014noneF1a1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 2968, 6253, 13368, 14384, 16093, 16390
Hap5010334Jinam et al., 2012noneF1a1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 3396, 6040
Hap5010335Jinam et al., 2012noneF1a1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 3396, 6040
Hap5010340Jinam et al., 2012noneF1a1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 3396, 6040
Hap5011286Ko et al., 2014F1a1a:249dF1a1a:4768, 7934, 12561, 16214
Hap5011757Maksum et al., 2010F1a1a:249d, 3970, 4086F1a1a:73, 263, 523-524d, 1438, 2706, 4769, 4826, 7028, 8860, 12820, 13662, 14766, 15326
Hap5017510Yang et al., 2012noneF1a1a:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5017566Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011bF1a1a:16311F1a1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 5486A, 6345
Hap5020172Liu et al., 2014F1a1a:16311F1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 12501C, 15340, 15643
Hap5022158Kong et al., 2003F1a1a:195F1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 930, 8167, 12732
Hap5022570Zheng et al., 2011F1a1a:146F1a1a:150, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8860N, 16129

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046978United StatesUnited StatesIndonesiaIndonesia
Hap10046979United StatesUnited StatesMalaysiaMalaysia
Hap10046980United StatesUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10046982United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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