Age: 10,863.5 ± 2,990.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A16162G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: F1a1’4
Descendant branch(s): F1a1a F1a1b F1a1c F1a1d


Haplogroup F1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 7,900 and 13,900 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup F1a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01F1a19548 16162Released 27 Aug 2008
02F1a19548 16162Released 14 Oct 2008
05F1a19548 16162Released 8 Jul 2009
06F1a19548 16162Released 28 Sep 2009
07F1a19548 16162Released 10 Nov 2009
08F1a19548 16162Released 21 Mar 2010
09F1a19548 16162Released 20 Jun 2010
10F1a116162Released 10 Aug 2010
11F1a116162Released 7 Feb 2011
12F1a116162Released 20 Jul 2011
13F1a116162Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14F1a1A16162GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15F1a1A16162GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16F1a1A16162GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17F1a1A16162GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup F1a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001616Behar et al., 2012bF1a1:16189, 16304F1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4313, 16183C, 16497
Hap5012189Phan et al., 2006aF1a1:249dF1a1:94, 263, 269G, 523-524d, 3676C, 4646, 6961, 7990, 8069, 8281-8289d, 8379, 8409G, 9217, 12715, 14766, 14791G, 14879, 14953, 15189C
Hap5014990Tanaka et al., 2004noneF1a1:94, 315.1C, 437, 523-524d, 1310, 12715
Hap5015229Tanaka et al., 2004noneF1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 10043
Hap5015584Zholdybayeva et al., 2011F1a1:249d, 3970, 4086F1a1:263, 523-524d, 9987A, 16497, 16569.1GAT
Hap5016235Ji Y et al., 2008noneF1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4216, 5483, 6527, 8507, 8545, 8839, 11778, 16148, 16244, 16335
Hap5018178Liu et al., 2012noneF1a1:315.1C, 515, 523-524d, 3540, 5322C, 13260, 16129
Hap5018271Liu et al., 2012noneF1a1:315.1C, 515, 523-524d, 3540, 5322C, 13260, 16129
Hap5022566Zheng et al., 2011noneF1a1:251, 523-524d, 4967, 10463, 12630, 16335

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046947United StatesUnited StatesChinaChina
Hap10046948United StatesUnited StatesChinaChina
Hap10046949UnspecifiedUnited StatesChinaChina

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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