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Age: 31,543.9 ± 7,520.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G6962A T10609C G12406A C12882T
Parent Branch: F
Descendant branch(s): F1a'c'f F1b F1d F1e F1g


Haplogroup F1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 24,000 and 39,100 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup F1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01F1523-524d 6962 10609 12406 12882 16519Released 27 Aug 2008
02F1523-524d 6962 10609 12406 12882 16519Released 14 Oct 2008
03F16962 10609 12406 12882Released 1 Mar 2009
05F16962 10609 12406 12882Released 8 Jul 2009
06F16962 10609 12406 12882Released 28 Sep 2009
07F16962 10609 12406 12882Released 10 Nov 2009
08F16962 10609 12406 12882Released 21 Mar 2010
09F16962 10609 12406 12882Released 20 Jun 2010
10F16962 10609 12406 12882Released 10 Aug 2010
11F16962 10609 12406 12882Released 7 Feb 2011
12F16962 10609 12406 12882Released 20 Jul 2011
13F16962 10609 12406 12882Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14F1G6962A T10609C G12406A C12882TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15F1G6962A T10609C G12406A C12882TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16F1G6962A T10609C G12406A C12882TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17F1G6962A T10609C G12406A C12882TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup F1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011931Mikami et al., 2013F1:152, 16189, 16311F1:315.1C, 523-524d, 7852, 8563, 8870, 14563, 14566C, 16186, 16209, 16242

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|