Haplogroup F is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. It is a child of haplogroup R9. It was likely born in the Central Asia around 43,000 years ago. (Behar et al., 2012b)
Most researchers consider the birthplace of F to have been born in Central Asia.
Behar et al., 2012b placed the birth of the F lineage between 37,378 and 48,500 years ago. This means the line was born in the Upper Paleolithic. At the time, people were using stone tools.
This timeline is an overview of the F branch’s history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the F lineage. (View in new tab.)
Today, this lineage is found throughout much of East Asia. Its highest frequencies there are toward the coast. It is present in Southeast Asia and on the island of Madagascar. In the west, it reaches back toward Europe as far as the Black Sea. It can be found in the far north of South Asia. It is part of isolated populations in the Middle East.
National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text
mtDNA Haplogroup F Phylotree History
Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.
|01||F||249d 6392 10310||Released 27 Aug 2008|
|02||F||249d 6392 10310||Released 14 Oct 2008|
|03||F||249d 6392 10310||Released 1 Mar 2009|
|05||F||249d 6392 10310||Released 8 Jul 2009|
|06||F||249d 6392 10310||Released 28 Sep 2009|
|07||F||249d 6392 10310||Released 10 Nov 2009|
|08||F||249d 6392 10310||Released 21 Mar 2010|
|09||F||249d 6392 10310||Released 20 Jun 2010|
|10||F||249d 6392 10310||Released 10 Aug 2010|
|11||F||249d 6392 10310||Released 7 Feb 2011|
|12||F||6392 10310||Released 20 Jul 2011|
|13||F||6392 10310||Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS|
|14||F||T6392C G10310A||Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS|
|15||F||T6392C G10310A||Released 30 Sep 2012|
|16||F||A249d T6392C G10310A||Released 19 Feb 2014|
|17||F||A249d T6392C G10310A||Released 18 Feb 2016|
mtDNA Haplogroup F Data Sources
GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.
Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
|Hg ID||Origin||Publication||Hg BLD16||Hg BLD17||Hg YFull||Missing Variants||Additional Variants|
Geno 2.0 Data
Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.
Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.
Sources & Resources
- Behar, D.M., van Oven, M., Rosset, S., Metspalu, M., Loogväli, E.L., Silva, N.M., Kivisild, T., Torroni, A. and Villems, R. (2012). A “Copernican” reassessment of the human mitochondrial DNA tree from its root. American journal of human genetics, 90(4), 675-684.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2011). MitoTool: a web server for the analysis and retrieval of human mitochondrial DNA sequence variations. Mitochondrion, 11(2), 351-356.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2013). An update to MitoTool: using a new scoring system for faster mtDNA haplogroup determination. Mitochondrion, 13(4), 360-363.
- Van Oven, M., & Kayser, M. (2009). Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation. Human mutation, 30(2), E386-E394.
- Ian Logan’s mtDNA Pages
- Ian Logan’s Instructions for mtGenome Genbank Donation
- James Lick’s mtDNA Utility
- The Wikipedia Article for Haplogroup F
The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.
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Last Updated: Last updated: October 8, 2018 at 14:59 pm