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F

Summary

Age: 42,939.3 ± 5,561.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Central Asia
Mutations: A249d T6392C G10310A
Parent Branch: R9
Descendant branch(s): F1 F2 F3 F4

Background

Haplogroup F is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: F
Age: 42,290 ± 3,400 Years Ago
Origin: Central Asia
Blurb: This point in your maternal line happened about 42,000 years ago in the deserts and plains between the Caspian Sea and Lake Baikal in Central Asia.

Before the last glacial maximum, some members of this line migrated into East Asia. In East Asia, this line became a founding lineage.

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Around 17,000 years ago, a population explosion in East Asia triggered expansion into new lands. From Asia, groups that included this line traveled south along the Pacific coast of Asia.

Today this lineage makes up almost 11 percent of populations in China and over 25 percent of all Southeast Asians. It shows its greatest diversity in Vietnam, where it is about 32 percent of the population. This line has a wide distribution along the Pacific coast. It appears in Filipino and aboriginal Taiwanese populations. It has a decreased frequency distribution farther from Southeast Asia. It is about 5 percent of population in both Korea and Japan. It is part of populations as far north as the Evenks of Central Siberia and as far south as the Kadazan of Borneo.

Interest Point: Some geneticists have linked the spread of this line to the South Pacific islanders to the expansion of Sino-Tibetan languages, which took place sometime around 6,000 to 8,000 years ago.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup F Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01F249d 6392 10310Released 27 Aug 2008
02F249d 6392 10310Released 14 Oct 2008
03F249d 6392 10310Released 1 Mar 2009
05F249d 6392 10310Released 8 Jul 2009
06F249d 6392 10310Released 28 Sep 2009
07F249d 6392 10310Released 10 Nov 2009
08F249d 6392 10310Released 21 Mar 2010
09F249d 6392 10310Released 20 Jun 2010
10F249d 6392 10310Released 10 Aug 2010
11F249d 6392 10310Released 7 Feb 2011
12F6392 10310Released 20 Jul 2011
13F6392 10310Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14FT6392C G10310AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15FT6392C G10310AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16FA249d T6392C G10310AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17FA249d T6392C G10310AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup F Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: August 5, 2018 at 17:11 pm

2018-08-05T17:11:22+00:00June 6th, 2016|