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Age: 46,709.5 ± 7,651.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Southeast Asia
Mutations: C3970T G13928c T16304C
Parent Branch: R
Descendant branch(s): F R11'B6 R9b R9c


Haplogroup R9 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 39,100 and 54,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).


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Ancient DNA

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This timeline is an overview of the R9 branch's history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the R9 lineage. (View in new tab.)


National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: R9
Age: 47,200 ± 12,350 Years Ago
Origin: Southeast Asia
Blurb: This point in your ancestors' journey took place in Southeast Asia around 47,000 years ago. This group of coastal travelers settled much of Southeast Asia. Thus, this lineage is most common in Indonesia and Malaysia. However, some from this group continued along the coast of mainland East Asia and then migrated inland to settle much of modern China.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup R9 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01R93970 13928CReleased 27 Aug 2008
02R93970 13928CReleased 14 Oct 2008
03R93970 13928CReleased 1 Mar 2009
04R93970 13928CReleased 10 May 2009
05R93970 13928CReleased 8 Jul 2009
06R93970 13928CReleased 28 Sep 2009
07R93970 13928CReleased 10 Nov 2009
08R93970 13928CReleased 21 Mar 2010
09R93970 13928CReleased 20 Jun 2010
10R93970 13928C 16304Released 10 Aug 2010
11R93970 13928C 16304Released 7 Feb 2011
12R93970 13928C 16304Released 20 Jul 2011
13R93970 13928C 16304Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14R9C3970T G13928c T16304CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15R9C3970T G13928c T16304CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16R9C3970T G13928c T16304CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17R9C3970T G13928c T16304CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup R9 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: October 14, 2018 at 18:49 pm

2018-10-14T18:49:53+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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