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Age: 4,897.6 ± 3,506.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A9210G C12462a G16390A
Parent Branch: R8a1a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup R8a1a1d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,400 and 8,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup R8a1a1d Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

09R8a1a1d9210 12462A 16390Released 20 Jun 2010
10R8a1a1d9210 12462A 16390Released 10 Aug 2010
11R8a1a1d9210 12462A 16390Released 7 Feb 2011
12R8a1a1d9210 12462A 16390Released 20 Jul 2011
13R8a1a1d9210 12462A 16390Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14R8a1a1dA9210G C12462a G16390AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15R8a1a1dA9210G C12462a G16390AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16R8a1a1dA9210G C12462a G16390AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17R8a1a1dA9210G C12462a G16390AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup R8a1a1d Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5007711Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneR8a1a1d:309.1CC, 315.1C, 12346
Hap5016319Thangaraj et al., 2009noneR8a1a1d:315.1C, 455, 460, 11630

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|