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Age: 31,551.2 ± 5,780.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: South Asia
Mutations: A13105G! G16319A T16362C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: R
Descendant branch(s): R7a’b


Haplogroup R7 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 25,800 and 37,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: R7
Age: 35,600 ± 13,800 Years Ago
Origin: South Asia
Blurb: This point in your ancestors’ journey took place in South Asia around 35,000 years ago. Your ancestors settled in eastern India; this line remains most common among Dravidian language speakers.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup R7 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
13 R7 13105 16319 16362 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 R7 A13105G! G16319A T16362C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 R7 A13105G! G16319A T16362C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 R7 A13105G! G16319A T16362C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 R7 A13105G! G16319A T16362C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup R7 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5008965 Fornarino et al., 2009 R7:152, 16189 R7:150, 231, 240, 315.1C, 1007, 6959, 7660, 8697, 9017, 9531, 11815, 12867, 15262, 15758, 15769, 16182C, 16183C, 16231

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 26, 2018 at 6:03 am

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