Age: 43,855.2 ± 9,645.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: South Asia
Mutations: (T195C!) T12285C (C16266T) T16362C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: R
Descendant branch(s): R6a R6b


Haplogroup R6 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: R6
Age: 51,100 ± 15,450 Years Ago
Origin: South Asia
Blurb: This point in your ancestors' journey took place in South Asia around 51,000 years ago. These early descendants of the first out-of-African groups are present at low frequencies in their homeland today. This line is most common in India and Pakistan. However, it is also present at low frequencies in Iran.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup R6 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01R6195 12285 16274Released 27 Aug 2008
02R6195 12285 16274Released 14 Oct 2008
03R6195 12285 16274Released 1 Mar 2009
04R6195 12285 16274Released 10 May 2009
05R6195 12285 16274Released 8 Jul 2009
06R6195 12285 16274 16362Released 28 Sep 2009
07R6195 12285 16274 16362Released 10 Nov 2009
08R6195 12285 16274 16362Released 21 Mar 2010
09R6195 12285 16274 16362Released 20 Jun 2010
10R6195 12285 16274 16362Released 10 Aug 2010
11R6195 12285 16274 16362Released 7 Feb 2011
12R6195 12285 16274 16362Released 20 Jul 2011
13R6195 12285 16274 16362Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14R6T195C! T12285C G16274A T16362CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15R6T195C! T12285C G16274A T16362CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16R6(T195C!) T12285C (C16266T) T16362CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17R6(T195C!) T12285C (C16266T) T16362CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup R6 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5012087Palanichamy et al., 2004R6:146, 16129R6:315.1C, 459, 2386A, 3637, 4012, 4739, 7202, 9142, 9449, 10084, 11332, 11620, 14470, 15115, 16172, 16216C, 16274, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 25, 2018 at 21:40 pm

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