R31b

Summary

Age: 14,176.7 ± 6,086.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: G207A G228A A234G A1309G T1452C T2763C G3849A G3882A T5503C T6827C A7046G T8400C A8988G G12007A G12651A T14488C G15148A A16051G T16093C T16189C! C16218T C16292T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: R31
Descendant branch(s):

YFull Info

Name: R31b
Age: 54900 to 32500 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: -
 Variants: G207A G228A A234G A1309G T1452C T2763C G3849A G3882A T5503C T6827C A7046G T8400C A8988G G12007A G12651A T14488C G15148A A16051G T16093C T16189C! C16218T C16292T

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup R31b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 8,100 and 20,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup R31b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 10 May 2009
05 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 R31b G207A G228A A234G A1309G T1452C T2763C G3849A G3882A T5503C T6827C A7046G T8400C A8988G G12007A G12651A T14488C G15148A A16051G T16093C T16189C! C16218T C16292T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 R31b G207A G228A A234G A1309G T1452C T2763C G3849A G3882A T5503C T6827C A7046G T8400C A8988G G12007A G12651A T14488C G15148A A16051G T16093C T16189C! C16218T C16292T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 R31b G207A G228A A234G A1309G T1452C T2763C G3849A G3882A T5503C T6827C A7046G T8400C A8988G G12007A G12651A T14488C G15148A A16051G T16093C T16189C! C16218T C16292T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 R31b G207A G228A A234G A1309G T1452C T2763C G3849A G3882A T5503C T6827C A7046G T8400C A8988G G12007A G12651A T14488C G15148A A16051G T16093C T16189C! C16218T C16292T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup R31b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDOriginPublicationHg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFullMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5012105 Palanichamy et al., 2004 R31b R31b none R31b:204, 249d, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3533, 5461, 16182C, 16183C, 16438, 16519
Hap5012107 Palanichamy et al., 2004 R31b R31b R31b:195, 16278, 16362 R31b:153, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 1811, 10685, 11272, 16182C, 16183C, 16320, 16519

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

   

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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