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R2

Summary

Age: 13,719.0 ± 6,934.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T152C! G4769A T7657C T8473C G9932A G10685A A12654G G14305A C16071T
Parent Branch: R2'JT
Descendant branch(s): R2a R2b R2c R2d

Background

Haplogroup R2 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup R2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01R2152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071Released 27 Aug 2008
02R2152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071Released 14 Oct 2008
03R2152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071Released 1 Mar 2009
04R2152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071Released 10 May 2009
05R2152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071Released 8 Jul 2009
06R2152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071Released 28 Sep 2009
07R2152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071Released 10 Nov 2009
08R2152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071Released 21 Mar 2010
09R2152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071Released 20 Jun 2010
10R2152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071Released 10 Aug 2010
11R2152 4769! 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071Released 7 Feb 2011
12R2152 4769! 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071Released 20 Jul 2011
13R2152 4769! 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14R2T152C! G4769A T7657C T8473C G9932A G10685A A12654G T13500C G14305A C16071TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15R2T152C! G4769A T7657C T8473C G9932A G10685A A12654G T13500C G14305A C16071TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16R2T152C! G4769A T7657C T8473C G9932A G10685A A12654G T13500C G14305A C16071TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17R2T152C! G4769A T7657C T8473C G9932A G10685A A12654G G14305A C16071TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup R2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

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Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005439Bertolin et al., 2011R2:195, 10873R2:312N, 6182, 11379N, 16172, 16320
Hap5009365Hartmann et al., 2008R2:146R2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8143, 13434, 13914A
Hap5012066Palanichamy et al., 2004R2:195R2:151, 315.1C, 8513Y, 12414, 14020, 16126, 16261
Hap5020849Derenko et al., 2013R2:195R2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8143, 13434, 13914A
Hap5020888Derenko et al., 2013R2:13500, 16311R2:150, 246, 309.1C, 315.1C, 1709, 4164, 5773, 8027, 8965, 11002, 12945, 13080, 14034, 15323, 15850, 16111, 16124, 16274
Hap5020906Derenko et al., 2013noneR2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8143, 13434, 13914A
Hap5020943Derenko et al., 2013R2:8701R2:315.1C
Hap5020948Derenko et al., 2013R2:13500R2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 961, 3588, 13392, 13827T, 15226C, 15784, 15930, 16192A, 16207, 16325
Hap5021054Derenko et al., 2013noneR2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8143, 13434, 13914A, 16124
Hap5021064Derenko et al., 2013noneR2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8143, 13434, 13914A
Hap5021110Derenko et al., 2013R2:13500, 16311R2:150, 246, 309.1C, 315.1C, 1709, 4164, 5773, 8027, 8965, 11002, 12945, 13080, 14034, 15323, 15850, 16111, 16124, 16274
Hap5021196Derenko et al., 2013noneR2:309.1C, 315.1C, 6353, 8143, 13434, 13914A

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10072766United KingdomCyprusCyprusCyprus
Hap10072767IranIranIranIran
Hap10072768SyriaSyriaSyriaSyria
Hap10072769TurkeyTurkeyTurkeyTurkey
Hap10072770PolandPolandUkraineUkraine
Hap10072771BrazilUnspecifiedUnspecifiedBrazil
Hap10072772UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072773UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072774UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072775UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072776UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072777UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072778UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072779UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072780UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072781UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072782UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: August 25, 2018 at 21:20 pm

2018-08-25T21:20:54+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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