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Age: 15,500.8 ± 4,569.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A12397G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: T2
Descendant branch(s): T2h1 T2h2


Haplogroup T2h is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 10,900 and 20,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup T2h Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
13 T2h 12397 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 T2h A12397G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 T2h A12397G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 T2h A12397G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 T2h A12397G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup T2h Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001528 Behar et al., 2012b none T2h:315.1C, 546, 8041, 12771, 13907, 14502, 16172
Hap5004376 Behar et al., 2012b none T2h:309.1C, 315.1C, 6260, 7738G, 9234, 16291
Hap5008173 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none T2h:309.1C, 315.1C, 9923, 14097, 14296
Hap5008211 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none T2h:309.1CC, 315.1C, 6260, 9234
Hap5010941 Kivisild et al., 2006 T2h:146, 152, 195, 247, 16126, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16294, 16296, 16311 T2h:1-435d, 6260, 9234, 16022-16569d
Hap5013450 Raule et al., 2014 none T2h:315.1C, 4491, 8041, 12771, 16172, 16245
Hap5013693 Raule et al., 2014 none T2h:315.1C, 4491, 8041, 12771, 16172, 16245
Hap5013937 Schönberg et al., 2011 none T2h:150, 309N, 310, 4643, 4667, 4774N, 6392, 11062, 13236, 14047N, 16184, 16248
Hap5013959 Schönberg et al., 2011 none T2h:310, 6392, 14299, 16325A
Hap5019204 Pala et al., 2012 none T2h:309.1C, 315.1C, 4826, 9932, 11461, 12454, 15224, 16093, 16266

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10081915United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10081917CanadaCanadaUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10081918United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10081919United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10081920United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10081921United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10081922UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10081923United StatesUnited States TerritoriesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10081924United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10081925United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10081926United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10081927United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10081928United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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