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Age: 11,260.4 ± 3,670.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C8270T 8281-8289d
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: T2
Descendant branch(s): T2f1 T2f2 T2f3 T2f4 T2f5 T2f6 T2f7 T2f8


Haplogroup T2f is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,600 and 14,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup T2f Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
05 T2f 8281-8289d Released 8 Jul 2009
06 T2f 8281-8289d Released 28 Sep 2009
07 T2f 8281-8289d Released 10 Nov 2009
08 T2f 8281-8289d Released 21 Mar 2010
09 T2f (195) (8270) 8281-8289d (16189) (16298) Released 20 Jun 2010
10 T2f 195 8270 8281-8289d 16189 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 T2f 195 8270 8281-8289d 16189 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 T2f 195 8270 8281-8289d 16189 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 T2f 8270 8281-8289d 16189 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 T2f C8270T 8281-8289d T16189C! Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 T2f C8270T 8281-8289d Released 30 Sep 2012
16 T2f C8270T 8281-8289d Released 19 Feb 2014
17 T2f C8270T 8281-8289d Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup T2f Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5003055 Behar et al., 2012b T2f:16296 T2f:309.1C, 315.1C, 4961, 5322C, 9768M, 14118
Hap5003355 Behar et al., 2012b none T2f:315.1C
Hap5003487 Behar et al., 2012b T2f:152 T2f:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 9647, 15937
Hap5012481 Raule et al., 2014 T2f:16296 T2f:309.1CC, 315.1C, 1625, 4961, 5322C, 10403, 14118
Hap5012743 Raule et al., 2014 none T2f:309d, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3547, 12420, 13720, 13899, 14118, 16183C
Hap5013377 Raule et al., 2014 T2f:16296 T2f:93, 95C, 309.1C, 315.1C, 5322C, 14118
Hap5013687 Raule et al., 2014 T2f:16296 T2f:93, 95C, 309.1C, 315.1CCC, 5322C, 14118

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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