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Age: 9,176.4 ± 2,896.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C41T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: T2e
Descendant branch(s): T2e1a T2e1b


Haplogroup T2e1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 6,300 and 12,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup T2e1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

02T2e141 16296Released 14 Oct 2008
05T2e141Released 8 Jul 2009
06T2e141Released 28 Sep 2009
07T2e141Released 10 Nov 2009
08T2e141Released 21 Mar 2010
09T2e141Released 20 Jun 2010
10T2e141Released 10 Aug 2010
11T2e141Released 7 Feb 2011
12T2e141Released 20 Jul 2011
13T2e141Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14T2e1C41TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15T2e1C41TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16T2e1C41TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17T2e1C41TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup T2e1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001644Behar et al., 2012bT2e1:16189, 16296T2e1:309.1C, 315.1C, 16239
Hap5002089Behar et al., 2012bT2e1:16189T2e1:309.1C, 315.1C, 4371, 7887C, 14470, 16086Y, 16260, 16270
Hap5007249Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016T2e1:16296T2e1:309.1C, 315.1C, 16207T
Hap5007627Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016T2e1:16126, 16296T2e1:200, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3290, 8583, 13725
Hap5008078Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016T2e1:16296T2e1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 9110, 15040A, 16092, 16428
Hap5008095Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016T2e1:16296T2e1:200, 309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5008100Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016T2e1:16296T2e1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 14180, 14425Y, 16092
Hap5009151Gasparre et al., 2007T2e1:8468, 16296T2e1:315.1C, 5396, 8315-8532d, 9932, 16023T
Hap5012118Pello et al., 2008T2e1:10398, 16296T2e1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5019189Pala et al., 2012T2e1:16296T2e1:309.1C, 315.1C, 16207T
Hap5023541Howell et al., 2003T2e1:16296T2e1:5273, 11778, 15043
Hap5023542Zheng et al., 2012T2e1:16296T2e1:200
Hap5023543Zheng et al., 2012T2e1:16296T2e1:40

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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