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Age: 5,882.2 ± 3,909.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T279C C5187T C7873T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: T2c1
Descendant branch(s): T2c1d1 T2c1d2


Haplogroup T2c1d is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup T2c1d Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
05 T2c1b (146) (279) 5187 7873 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 T2c1b (146) (279) 5187 7873 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 T2c1b (146) (279) 5187 7873 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 T2c1b (146) (279) 5187 7873 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 T2c1b (146) (279) 5187 7873 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 T2c1b (146) (279) 5187 7873 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 T2c1b (146) (279) 5187 7873 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 T2c1b (146) (279) 5187 7873 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 T2c1b 146 279 5187 7873 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 T2c2 T279C C5187T C7873T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 T2c1d T279C C5187T C7873T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 T2c1d T279C C5187T C7873T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 T2c1d T279C C5187T C7873T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup T2c1d Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10080584United StatesCubaCubaCuba
Hap10080585United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10080586United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10080589United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10080592United StatesUnited StatesUkraineUkraine
Hap10080593AustraliaAustraliaUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10080594Trinidad and TobagoUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080595United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080596United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080597United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080598United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080599United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080600United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080601United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080602United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080603United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080604United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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